Introduction

Bereczki Máté (1824- 1895), life and career

 

Máté Bereczki, whose original name was Bagyinszki, was born in Romhány on 22 September in 1824. He came from a poor family, his father worked as a stone carver. Because of the hard financial background of the family the education caused a lot of problems for him. He got the most important basic knowledge from his father and he started elementary school in his village when he was eleven years old. He started to learn in the secondary grammar school in Vác in 1839. In the autumn of 1845 he started his education at the faculty of laws in Pest. His results were always excellent. At that time he learnt the French and German language. In this period he met the ideas of reform age and became a supporter. He also took part in the events of 15th of March in 1848. He was in close contact with Petőfi, Jókai, Vásárhelyi. First he changed his name to Romhányi and after the events of Világos he became Bereczki. In 1848 he graduated as a solicitor. In the years of freedom fight he served in the army and he became an army officer. After the fail of the freedom fight he was hiding by his friends. He had to do it for 6 years and this period finished after the amnesty. He did not want to work in the public service because he did not want to collaborate with the dictatory. By his friends he worked as a private lecturer and he spent more and more time gardening. His grandfather taught him the most important facts of horticulture. In 1860 he took a job in the public service he became a notary. He changed his view because he worked so much that he did not have any time for his dreams. Because of this he resigned from his position in 1862. One of his old friends, Sármezey Antal, who rented some land from the state, invited him to his ranch which was located in Mezőkovácsháza. Sármezey asked Bereczki to be his children’s private teacher in Kunágota. He spent here 33 years with his helping friends. On his rented farm he started growing fruits and experimenting with different species of fruits. With the support of Sármezey he created his very famous garden of fruits. It was a great chance to build his scientific career. In Bereczki’s age most of experts of horticulture were not aware of the importance of horticulture. They grew fruits with specific professional knowledge. The orchards were typically described with the lack knowledge and mixture of species. The fruits did not grow permanently and the orchards brought little profit. In addition there were a lot of transport troubles, the markets were not very developed and the number of tree nurseries was very low. Some the contemporary scientists felt the heart of the problems and Bereczki was one of them. With no hope of any profit he spent a lot of money to develop the orchards. He wanted to create a reliable orchard which would consist of clear species. With the help of technical literature he created his own orchard of which purpose was to be a collection of species and a place for further experiment. He was given the material by the owners of tree nurseries. In the 1870s his orchard was the only place in the country which was a collection of different species. He studied the different types of specie, he wanted to know how they would act on the Great Plain, because he was sure, that these species could grow in this kind of region which is not a traditional place of fruit planting. In his view in one orchard not too many species should be allowed to be grown. Some of the species should be allowed to be planted which could easily adapt the conditions. He published his results in the national technical magazines. His name was soon becoming well- known. He was in contact with most Hungarian gardeners, lecturers and scientists. In the middle of 1860s he became e member of the Belgian Van Mons Pomology Society. He also became a member of the German Pomolgy Society in 1868. He usually published in the national technical magazines and he also wrote articles in many foreign periodicals. Since choice of technical books was not very wide, he decided to write a book in which he would collect all results of his work. A little bit later he wrote and published his very famous book, titled on Abstracts of pomology. It consisted of 4 volumes. He spent a lot of money on it and finally he published this book in Arad. This very famous book was published in 1875. It was a milestone in Hungary because with this book he created the bases of pomology. The book contains very detailed descriptions of different species. Besides his theoretical work he spent a lot of time in his own orchard. It was a very hard work, because the vaccination and gathering the vaccinating materials took a lot of time. His own orchard was not especially profitable, did not involve very big income. Bereczki did not have a luxurious life, most of his money was spent on technical literature and always wanted to help his poorer friends. He also devoted time for some other problems of the profession. He made plans in connection with re-organizing some tree nurseries. He made vaccinating and treating work well-known. He came with the idea of national pomology alliance. His ambition was to divide the state into districts based on fruit growing. Ha also took part in modernization of trade, creating markets and developing the transport system. Besides his reputation he had to face a lot of problems. The ministry was not able to save his orchard. The land which hosted his orchard was owned by the state and was soon sold. He asked the ministry of finance to buy it, but in vain. Sármezey had to buy another farm which hosted Bereczki’s new orchard. He wanted to transport his trees to this place and he was almost ready when he unexpectedly died from pneumonia in Kunágota on 9  December in 1895. In his final decision he gave his orchard and fortune to Hungarian Natural Science Society. In Kunágota a memorial grave was built by the society. In 1896 the memorial council had his statue created and it was placed in the garden of Horticulture Society. We regularly remember him by organizing conferences and exhibitions. Another statue of him was placed in Kunágota in 1969.

 

Profile of the institution

 

In our school there are different types of secondary technical classes. They took 4 years and at the end of the 4th year the students take final exams. The students are divided into different classes based on their interests: we offer a class of law enforcement, a class of agriculture and a class of sports. There are also mixed classes depended on the number of applying students.

There are also vocational classes. There are classes of butchers, classes of horticulture and classes of engineers.

Since our institution is a sport school the students regularly take part in the national sport events. Among of our students we have boxing champions, football players who play in the local team of the town, BLSE, basketball players and some athletes with good results. Our school is the only institution in the town which offers a class of law enforcement that is why our students every year take part in the national public safety competition with really good results.

Other students of our school usually take part in different professional competitions, for example the competition of engineers or the competition of florists.